Timanfaya is a Spanish national park that can be found in the southwestern part of the island of Lanzarote, which is one of the Canary Islands. Its reach encompasses parts of the administrative districts of Tinajo and Yaiza. The entirety of the park's 51.07 square kilometres is made up of volcanic soil, while the park itself has an area of 51,07 square kilometres. Its insignia is César Manrique's sculpture El Diablo. In contrast to any other natural park in Spain, this one is completely devoted to the study of geology. The existence of Timanfaya National Park in the Macaronesian region provides evidence of both historical and ongoing volcanic activity in the region. The most recent volcanic eruptions occurred sometime during the 18th and 19th centuries. The island of Lanzarote, which is governed by Spain and is found in the Atlantic Ocean between Africa and Europe, is well-known for its abundant sunshine throughout the entire year, its sandy beaches, and its striking volcanic terrain. Eruptions of nearby volcanoes in the 1730s are responsible for giving Timanfaya National Park its distinctively rocky landscape. Lava flows were responsible for the formation of caverns in the Cueva de los Verdes area.
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Because of its beaches, whitewashed homes, and scuba diving capabilities, Puerto del Carmen has become a famous tourist destination on the eastern coast of the country. It is highly recommended that visitors visiting Lanzarote set aside some time to go hiking in Timanfaya National Park. The breathtaking volcanic landscape that spans a quarter of the island was developed as a result of six years of practically continual volcanic eruptions that took place between 1730 and 1736. Another smaller eruption took place in 1824. Lava flowed from more than a hundred different volcanoes, and it covered area that had been fruitful and inhabited in the past. This resulted in some of the ocean's land being reclaimed. In spite of the fact that the majority of Lanzarote's volcanic activity happened close to three hundred years ago, the island's climate has been sufficiently dry to preserve the majority of the island's volcanic scenery.
There were no records of fatalities as a direct result of the eruptions; however, it is believed that more than 44 percent of the island's people left during those years, and there are numerous tales of cattle being killed by poisonous vapours. The parish priest of Yaiza kept a written account of the devastation wrought by the earthquakes, frightening nocturnal mountain rises, explosions, and falling burning ash. The record includes details of the destruction. After the eruption stopped, much of Lanzarote's best farmland was permanently buried under a layer of basalt. However, the people of La Geria quickly developed a new method of farming by digging tunnels through the ash to reach the fertile soil below. This allowed them to continue cultivating the land.
At the major location of the centre, which is perched atop Islote de Hilario, visitors to the Montaas del Fuego (Fire Mountains) can get an up-close and personal look at the geothermal anomalies that are prevalent in the region (thought to be caused by a Magma intrusion under the island). Temperatures as high as 610 degrees Celsius have been measured at a depth of 13 metres, and temperatures as high as 277 degrees Celsius have been measured at a depth of just 10 centimetres. During the demonstrations for the guests, the straw will spontaneously ignite when it is placed in a small pit, the cold water will immediately change into steam when it is poured into a hole, and the gravel that is under your feet will be hot enough to burn your fingers.
In order to make use of the geothermal heat, the restaurant El Diablo cleverly positioned a large barbeque over a deep pit. This ditch was initially constructed in order to dissipate the heat that is conducted through the concrete slab that the restaurant is built on.
Even though visitors are not allowed to freely roam the park, they are able to see it from one of the coaches that follow the "Ruta de los Volcanes." This is a narrow path that twists through the park's most spectacular landscape, but it is off-limits to regular traffic. This brief coach tour through the park, which is included in the price of entrance, should not be skipped by guests despite the fact that the voice narration and music may be a little dated.
Where do I begin while looking for routes to Timanfaya?
Visitors to Timanfaya National Park are required to either drive oneself or join a guided tour because the park does not have any public transit options. The price of the Grand Tour of Lanzarote as well as the price of the Lanzarote South Tour both include park admission tickets.